Saleable Technologies

Saleable Technologies

ICAR – NRRI Technologies Ready for Commercialization:

1) Hybrid Rice Ajay (CRHR-7)

It is a medium duration (125-135 days), semi-dwarf (105-110 cm) polpular hybrid variety released and notified (2005 and 2006, rspectively) for cultivation under irrigated and shallow low land areas of Odisha. It has good quality long slender grains with an average yield of 7.0- 7.5t/ha. It is resistant to rice tungro virus. It also shows field tolerance against bacterial leaf blight, stem borer and brown plant hopper. It can tolerate water stagnation (7-10 days) at tillering stage.

2) Hybrid Rice Rajalaxmi (CRHR-5)

It is a medium duration (125-135 days), semi-dwarf (105-110 cm) polpular hybrid variety. It possesses seedling stage cold tolerance and suitable for irrigated and boro ecosystems. It is released and notified (2005 SVRC; 2010 CVRC) and notified (2006) for cultivation in Odisha and Assam. It has good quality long slender grains with an average productivity of 7.0- 7.5 t/ha. It has capability to tolerate stem borer, brown plant hopper, white backed plant hopper, gall midge, leaf blast and bacterial leaf blight. This hybrid can tolerate water stagnation (7-10 days) at tillering stage.

 

3) Hybrid rice CR Dhan 701 (CRHR-32)

It is the first late duration (142-145 days) hybrid variety in india, released and notified (2010 and 2012 respectively) for cultivation in shallow owland areas of Bihar and Gujarat. It has medium slender grains with average productivity of 6.0 -6.5 t/ha. It can withstand water logging and low light conditions. It shows moderate resistance to rice tungro, bacterial leaf blight, greenleaf hopper and leaf blast. It can also be ultivated during dry season if sown in December.

4) Rice doubled haploid technology (Satyakrishna)

Irrigated, Rainfed shallow Lowlands, Designation – CRAC 2221-43, Parentage – Double Haploid breeding from PHB 71, Duration – 135days, Reaction to diseases & pests – Long slender grain, resistant to Neck Blast, Sheath rot; MR to YSB, GM, WM.

5) High Protein Rice (CR Dhan 310):

National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack has developed a high protein rice variety CR Dhan 310 with an average 10.3% protein in milled rice, by improving the popular high yielding variety Naveen. It is now released by the Central Variety Release Committee. Rice is one of the most important staple foods, particularly for the Asians, but it is enerally low in grain protein content (6-8%), which is the lowest among cereals. Hence, protein malnutrition in poor population for whom rice is staple food is a serious nutritional problem. The research on developing the high protein rice started, when the  ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack identified one accession (ARC10075) from Assam Rice Collection as high grain protein content (GPC) donor and used in three repeated backcrossing with recurrent parent, Naveen followed by generation advancement and selection for identification of introgression lines. Ten high yielding introgression lines were grown in the same experimental plot at the experimental farm of the National Rice Research Institute in rabi 2014 and kharif 2014 under standard agronomic package and practices. All lines had significantly higher GPC and protein yield than their corresponding high yielding parent with acceptable grain quality. Among these lines, CR Dhan 310 (IET 24780) was identified as high protein rice variety with an average GPC of 10.3% in milled rice in multi-locational testing (under AICRIP-Biofortification trial).

Inbred High Yielding Varieties:

6) Pooja (CR-629- 256): It is a late maturing (150 days) short statured (90-95 cm) popular variety, released and notified (1999) for cultivation in shallow low land areas of Odisha, Assam, Madya Pradesh and West Bengal. It has medium slender grains with an average yield of 5.0 t/ha. It possessses field tolerance to all major diseases and pests. It tolerates water stagnation (up to 25 cm) and is suitable for late transplanting with aged seedlings.

7) Naveen (CR 749-20- 2): It is a mid early duration (115-120 days), semi-dwarf (105cm) variety suitable for upland and irrigated eco systems. It is released and notified in 2005 and 2006, respectively for cultivation in Odisha, West Bengal, Tripura, and Andhra Pradesh. It has medium bold grains with average productivity of 4.0 – 5.0t/ha in kharif and 5.0-6.0 t/ha in rabi season. This variety has resistance against blast and brown spot.

8) Varshadhan (CRLC 899): It is a late maturing (160 days), tall (150 cm), non-lodging and photosensitive popular variety with stiff straw. It was released and notified (2005 and 2006 respectively) for cultivation in low land areas of Odisha, West Bengal and Assam. It has long bold grains with average productivity of 4.0 t/ha. It is tolerant to neck blast, bacterial leaf blight, shealth rot and white backed plant hopper. It can tolerate prolonged water logging up to depth of 75 cm.

9) Swarna Sub-1 (CR 2539-1): It is a late maturing (143 days), semi dwarf (100 cm) variety,released

and notified (2009) for cultivation in low land areas of Odisha. It can tolerate complete submergence for two weeks, because of incorporation of Sub-1 gene (submergence tolerance gene) in the genetic background of the popular mega variety Swarna. Hence, it is a solution to the problem of inundation due to flash floods in coastal areas. It has brighter panicle colour as comapared to Swarna and medium slender grains with an average productivity of 5.0- 5.5t/ha. It has field tolerance against all major diseases and pests.

10) Customized Leaf Color Chart (CLCC) for real time Nitrogen (N) management in rice

A five panel customized leaf colour chart (CLCC) for N management in rice for different ecologies is developed by CRRI on the basis of spectral evaluation of leaves of hundreds of HYVs and local cultivars grown in eastern India under different levels of N applications. It is a cheap and easy to use handy tool provided with a folder having N application schedule. By using this, farmers can adjust the N application to actual crop demand, achieve higher yields and reduce the Napplication by 10-20 kg/ha.

Urea briquette applicators:

11) Two Row Urea Briquette Applicator:
It is manually pulled two row urea briquette applicator. It consists of two boxes, frame, two cup type metering roller, one axle, one ground wheel and one handle fitted in the frame. It is made by using material angle Iron, GI sheet, etc. The applicator can be used for top dressing and for basal application also. The removable furrow openers were fitted for both rows. The furrow opens by furrow openers closes immediately by float after placement of urea briquette. During application the skids work in the middle of alternate plant rows, leaving the middle row without application for the operator to walk in that row. This process distributes briquettes evenly between plant rows and two rows share the banded fertilizer.

12) Three Row Urea Briquette Applicator:

It is manually pulled three row urea briquette applicator. It consists of three boxes, frame, three cup type metering roller, one axle, one ground wheel and one handle fitted in the frame. It is made by using material angle Iron, GI sheet, etc. The applicator can be used for basal application. The removable furrow openers were fitted for all rows. Two ground wheels support applicator from both ends and four cup in metering unit gives the uniform placement of urea briquettes.

13) Four Row Urea Briquette Applicator:
It is manually pulled four row drum type urea briquette applicator. It consists two drums, frame, one axle, two ground wheels and one handle fitted in the frame. It is made by using material angle Iron, GI sheet, MS flat etc. The applicator is useful for basal application. The working of applicator is similar to drum seeder. Operator has to pull the applicator so the urea briquettes filled in the drums dropped on field in a uniform manner. Two ground wheels support the applicator from both ends and float gives easy movement in puddled field condition.

14) Conoweeder with Urea Briquette Applicator

It is attachment behind the conoweeder to apply urea briquettes simultaneously with weeding operation. It consists of two cones, one float, one briquette hopper, briquette delivery control system, and one handle fitted in the frame. It is made by using material angle Iron, GI sheet, MS flat etc. The machine is useful for weeding between rows of wet land paddy crop and urea briquette application. The working of applicator is similar to conoweeder, operator has to push the weeder and at same time at some interval push the clutch fitted on the handle to place one or two urea briquettes at a time. The efficiency of the urea briquette placement is depending on the operators ability to give forward and backward movement for weeding and at the same time push the clutch for dropping of urea briquettes.

15) Simple combo- kit for rapid screening of plant growth promoting bacteria
A simple combo-kit has been designed for rapid screening of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) and its salient features are given below.
 Six PGPB traits like indole acetic acid, ammonia, siderophore productions, phosphate solubilization and nitrogen fixing ability can be assessed within four days
 Self life of this kit is 5- 6 months under refrigerated condition
 Easy to handle and cost effective
 Easy to discard and it can be reused
 Sensitive to very low concentration of bacterial inoculums
16) Nitrogen fixing liquid bacterial inoculants for rice
One each strain of endophytic and rhizospheric nitrogen fixing liquid bacterial inoculants havebeen formulated exclusively for rice crop which can considerably save chemical nitrogen fertilizers without reducing crop yield. Besides, these products have other plant growth promoting traits like indole acetic acid, ammonia and siderophore productions.

NRRI-Farm Implements:
17) Manual three row seed drill
NRRI Three row manual paddy seed drill has fluted roller type seed metering mechanism. It is suitable for dry sowing of paddy seed at row spacing of 20 cm. Its field capacity is 0.03-0.04 hectare per hour. Its unit cost is Rs. 4000. The machine saved seed and labours in sowing of crops along the rows that helped in weeding and inter culture operation.

18) NRRI Power tiller operated seed drill for rice and Groundnut
It is a five row seed drill having plastic wheels with grooves on its periphery as seed metering mechanism. It is suitable for dry sowing rice and groundnut. Its row to row spacing is 25 cm. The cost of the seed drill is Rs. 22,000. The field capacity of 0.14 and 0.15 hectare per hour and cost of planting of Rs. 1240 per hectare and Rs. 1200 per hectare was observed for rice and groundnut, respectively.

19) NRRI Power tiller operated seed drill for rice and pulse
It is a five row seed drill having fluted roller type seed metering mechanism. It is suitable for dry sowing of rice, wheat, green gram, and black gram etc. Its field capacity is 0.14 hectare per hour. Its unit cost is Rs. 20,000.

19) NRRI Power tiller operated seed drill for rice and pulse
It is a five row seed drill having fluted roller type seed metering mechanism. It is suitable for dry sowing of rice, wheat, green gram, and black gram etc. Its field capacity is 0.14 hectare per hour. Its unit cost is Rs. 20,000.

20) NRRI four row manual drum seeder (hyperboloid shape)
NRRI Four row manual drawn seeder (hyperboloid shape) is suitable for sowing sprouted paddy seed in puddled field at row spacing of 20 cm. Its field capacity is 0.030-0.034 hectare per hour. Sowing with drum seeder reduced seed rate by 60 – 65% as compared to broadcast seeding and reduced weeding cost about 65%. Its unit cost is Rs. 4500.

21) NRRI six row manual drum seeder (cylindrical shape)
It is suitable for sowing of sprouted paddy seed in puddled field at row spacing of 20 cm. Its field capacity is 0.037-0.04 hectare per hour. Its unit cost is Rs. 6500. It reduced seed rate by 35-40% as compared to broadcast seeding and reduced weeding cost about 55%.

22) NRRI four row manual rice transplanter
It is suitable for transplanting of 20-25 days old mat type rice seedlings. Row to row spacing is kept 24 cm. Its field capacity is 0.018-0.020 hectare per hour. It saves about 30-40% labour requirement and 40% cost in transplanting operation. Its unit cost is Rs. 8500.

23) NRRI manual finger weeder
NRRI manual finger weeder can be used for upland as well as lowland rice. The operator moves the handle forward and backward so that the weeds get uprooted by both action. Its field capacity is 0.012 to 0.02 hectare per hour. Its unit cost is Rs. 250. It is cheap hand tool which reduced labour requirement by 35 – 40% and was found to be ergonomically suitable for farm women.

24) NRRI manual star cono weeder
It is suitable for weed cutting, churning and mulching in wet land. Its width of cut is 10- 15 cm. It covers one row. The stars and conical drums cut the weeds and churn them into the soil. It reduced labour requirement by 50- 75% and was found to be ergonomically suitable for local labour. Its field capacity is 0.013-0.017 hectare per hour. Its unit cost is Rs. 1850.

25) NRRI portable power operated paddy thresher
NRRI Portable power operated paddy thresher has wire loop type threshing drum. Rotational power to threshing drum is given by 1.0 hp single phase electric motor through belt and pulley. It is economical and suitable for threshing of paddy to small and marginal farmer. Its output is 3 to 4 q/h. Its unit cost is Rs. 20,000.’

26) NRRI manual rice winnower
NRRI Manual Rice Winnower is a simple manual winnowing machine to clean threshed paddy crop, suitable for small farmers and women friendly. Its capacity is around 100 kg/hr of clean paddy having cleaning efficiency of 96-98%. Cost of the machine is Rs. 5,500.

27) NRRI power rice winnower cum cleaner
NRRI Power Rice Winnower cum Cleaner is a power operated machine to clean threshed paddy crop. Its capacity is 500 kg/hr of clean paddy, having cleaning efficiency of 99%. Cost of the machine is Rs.1 8,000.

28) Mini paddy parboiling unit
It is a small size parboiling unit to produce quality parboiled rice by employing improved process. The process involves soaking the paddy at 75 O C for 3.5 hrs followed by open steaming for 30-45 minutes. The process ensures uniform parboiling, without any bad smell and produceslight coloured rice with better consumer preference. It takes 5-6 hours to parboil 75 kg of paddy in one batch. Cost of the machine is Rs. 5,500.

29) Rice husk and Chaff stove
NRRI Chaff and Husk Stove uses 1.2 kg of dry husk and burns continuously for 40 minutes on gasification principle. Cost of the stove is Rs. 550.